I have written many emotional Articles but today I wanna be a little practical. So I would like to discuss some facts with you. Yes, facts about the girl child.
The first and very interesting fact is that every foetus is a female at first. In the first five to six weeks every embryo starts off as a female child until the Y chromosome kicks in and the embryo starts growing into a boy. The biggest evidence that supports this theory is the fact that all male have nipples, as they were once a female foetus.
India has the largest population of children (below 18 years), with 400 million.
India witnesses more than 27,00,000 child deaths a year, with the figures for female children being much higher than male children
53% of girls in the age group 5 to 9 years are illiterate
75% of married Indian women were underage when they got married
One in every two girls in India is malnourished
Out of the 12 million girls born in India, 1 million die before the first year of life
One out of sixth girl child dies due to gender discrimination
One out of every 10 women report instances of child sexual abuse (CSA)
Female mortality is higher in 224 out of 402 districts in India
Around the world, girls face barriers to education that boys do not. But educating girls can break cycles of poverty in just one generation. These statistics offer insights on those barriers and also illustrate the lasting impact education has on girls, families, communities and nations around the world.
1. 66 million girls are out of school globally. (UNESCO)
2. There are 33 million fewer girls than boys in primary school. (Education First)
3. A child born to a literate mother is 50% more likely to survive past the age of 5. (UNESCO)
4. Educated mothers are more than twice as likely to send their children to school. (UNICEF)
5. In a single year, an estimated 150 million girls are victims of sexual violence. (UNIFEM) [50% of sexual assaults in the world victimize girls under the age of 15 (UNFPA).]
6.14 million girls under 18 will be married this year. That’s 38 thousand today – or 13 girls in the last 30 seconds. (UNFPA)
7. The #1 cause of death for girls 15-19 is childbirth. (World Health Organization)
8. Girls with 8 years of education are 4 times less likely to be married as children. (National Academies Press)
9. A girl with an extra year of education can earn 20% more as an adult. (The World Bank)
10. If India enrolled 1% more girls in secondary school, their GDP would rise by $5.5 billion. (CIA World Factbook) (Global Campaign for Education and RESULTS Education Fund)
October 11 marks the International Day of the Girl Child, a moment to focus on issues facing girls around the world. A recent study by UNICEF found that violence is a major problem for millions of them. Here are five surprising facts about how girls are affected.
1. A huge number of girls have been abused.
A quarter of girls report being victims of some form of physical violence. That includes girls ages 15 to 19 worldwide—approximately 70 million girls—who reported violence since the age of 15. That figure only includes reported cases; much more go unnoticed.
2. Sexual violence is a big problem.
1 in 10 girls has experienced forced sexual acts. That’s about 120 million girls under 20 worldwide. A third of them are between the age of 15 and 19 and married, and have been victims of emotional, physical or sexual violence committed by their husbands or partners.
3. Most violence against girls goes unreported.
In some countries, as many as 70 percents of girls never seek help. Nearly half of girls ages 15 to 19 think a man is justified to beat his wife or partner under circumstances such as refusing to have sex, leaving the house without permission, arguing, neglecting children or burning dinner.
4. Child marriage is common.
More than 700 million women around the world were married before their 18th birthday. Around a third—about 250 million—married before the age of 15. And in some places, notably Syrian refugee communities, the incidence of child marriage is rising, not falling.
5. Bullying is widespread.
1 in 3 girls worldwide between the ages of 13 and 15 experiences bullying regularly.This includes direct bullying such as teasing or shoving, indirect bullying such as spreading rumours, and cyber-bullying.